Latin America and Caribbean


  • 110 million people do not have access to improved sanitation.
  • 36 million people do not have access to improved drinking water.
  • 3 countries are off track in the sanitation MDG: Bolivia, Haiti, and Nicaragua.
  • Open defecation is still a common practice in rural areas, with Bolivia and Haiti at the highest rates: 49% and 38%
  • 5 countries have less than 50% of rural sanitation coverage: Bolivia, Brazil, Haiti, Nicaragua, and Peru.

Latest News

New Findings Identify US$864 Million Annual Investment Gap and Spur Water and Sanitation Sector Reforms in Central America

Fiscal Year 2014 Results

Scaling Up Rural Sanitation and Hygiene

Nicaragua: WSP’s technical assistance and sector studies have underpinned the preparation of a new World Bank US$30 million rural Water Supply and Sanitation operation.

Creating Sustainable Services through Domestic Private Sector Participation

Nicaragua: New and affordable rural sanitation technologies designed by 3 sanitation companies.

A local financial institution has allocated US$1 million for the creation of a new consumer credit fund devoted to sanitation products.

Peru: 4 affordable sanitation solutions designed and tested by 12 private partners.

Launch at national level to take place in the second semester of 2014, led by the main association of Peruvian manufacturers.

Supporting Poor-Inclusive Water Supply and Sanitation (WSS) Sector Reform

The Monitoring Country Progress in Water and Sanitation (MAPAS) was officially adopted by Central American Governments (FOCARD).

During the political transition in Honduras, El Salvador, and Panama, MAPAS findings informed the policy debate on extension of water supply and sanitation (WSS) coverage to the poor.

Bolivia: WSP supported the WSS Sector in the generation of Pre-Investment Norms which promote water and sanitation access as a human right.

Nicaragua: Phase II of the Economics of Sanitation Initiative provided crucial information on cost-effective sanitation alternatives for a new US$30 million World Bank operation.

Targeting the Urban Poor and Improving Services in Small Towns

Bolivia: WSP is providing technical assistance in the design of a regulatory framework and tools aimed at overcoming fecal sludge management service constraints.

Peru: WSP is supporting five water utilities in a comprehensive strategy aimed at promoting users’ participation in service delivery improvement.

Adapting Water Supply and Sanitation (WSS) Delivery to Climate Change Impacts

Honduras: The WSP-supported study on Disaster Risk Management triggered a World Bank project to implement the Probabilistic Risk Assessment (CAPRA) in the country’s biggest water utility (SANAA), which serves 1.5 million people.

Delivering Water Supply and Sanitation (WSS) Services in Fragile States

Haiti: WSP, along with other donors, supported the National Water and Sanitation Directorate (DINEPA) in the review of the strategy for the elimination of cholera.

Additional Resources

Infographic: What's a Toilet Worth? - (Spanish)  (English)

Infographic: What's a Toilet Worth in Nicaragua? - (Spanish)  (English)

Infographic: Why Waste Water? - (Spanish)  (English)

Our regional office is in Lima, Peru.

For more information on the sector, please visit the World Bank's Latin American Region Water Website.