Latin America and Caribbean


  • 115 million people without sanitation coverage.
  • 3 countries off track in sanitation MDG: Bolivia, Haiti, and Nicaragua.
  • Open defecation is still a common practice in rural areas from 19 countries.
  • Less than 50% of the population is connected to the sanitary sewers.
  • 6 countries with less than 50% of rural sanitation coverage: Bolivia, Brazil, Haiti, Nicaragua, Paraguay, and Peru.

Fiscal Year 2013 Results

Scaling Up Rural Sanitation and Hygiene

Peru: National Rural Water and Sanitation Program embraced WSP concepts and methodologies through the New Guide for designing Public Investment Projects.

One regional government allocated budget to rural water and sanitation investments including capacity building based on recommendations of its Regional Rural Water and Sanitation Program designed with WSP support.

Nicaragua: Affordable self-cleaning water tank developed and manufactured with local private funds was tested in 6 municipalities.

First phase will enable access to 1,750 rural households.

Creating Sustainable Services through Domestic Private Sector Participation

Nicaragua: One municipality allocated 7% of its budget to offer more accessible sanitation products at the local market. National government is promoting this scheme in remaining municipalities.

First national certi­fication program for official plumbers designed by WSP in partnership with the Government has been approved.

Peru: National Industries Association, comprised of the most important Peruvian manufacturers companies took the lead in the scaling-up sanitation markets process, and will expand activities from 8 regions to virtually the whole country.

Supporting Poor-Inclusive Water Supply and Sanitation (WSS) Sector Reform

After a year of implementing MAPAS (Water Supply and Sanitation Service Delivery Assessment), nine government agencies from different sectors (Water Sanitation, Finance and Planning) are using the inputs to improve sector policy framework.

Peru: As a result of WSP technical assistance, one large water utility has taken concrete actions to improve “client satisfaction” indicators according to its business plan, with seven other utilities to follow.

Targeting the Urban Poor and Improving Services in Small Towns

Bolivia: WSP research, analysis, and policy dialogue led to new regulatory norms for fecal sludge management in Bolivian cities. The ­first stage of the implementation process has already started in La Paz.

Supported by WSP, the National Agency for Sustainability became eligible for external ­financing, and raised more than US$ 12 million from different donors aimed to execute complementary activities from infrastructure projects.

Honduras:Main fi­ndings from WSP report on Small Towns provided crucial information for the Small Urban Settlements National Policy.

Adapting Water Supply and Sanitation (WSS) Delivery to Climate Change Impacts

Peru: WSP Study on Risk Management & Water Utilities (Mitigation Measures  and Financial Protection)  provided key information to national authorities from Ecuador and Uruguay.

Delivering Water Supply and Sanitation (WSS) Services in Fragile States

Haiti: WSS National Strategy to benefit poor population living in rural areas and small towns, included WSP’s contribution on two strategic issues: domestic private sector participation and volumetric billing schemes.

Additional Resources

Infographic: What's a Toilet Worth? - (Spanish)  (English)

Infographic: What's a Toilet Worth in Nicaragua? - (Spanish)  (English)

Infographic: Why Waste Water? - (Spanish)  (English)

Our regional office is in Lima, Peru.

For more information on the sector, please visit the World Bank's Latin American Region Water Website.