2012 Cartoon Calendar
WSP mails a hard copy of the calendar to people who responded to the call for requests. Supply is limited, and while there are no more copies for distribution, below are the cartoons featured in the calendar. Keep an eye out for next year's call for requests by signing up to WSP's email distribution list here.
Gender plays a crucial role in developing countries’ ability to ensure improved water and sanitation services are delivered to all citizens. According to the World Bank’s 2012 World Development Report, when services fail, women and girls are disproportionately affected.
The worst disparity is the rate at which girls and women die relative to men. Each year, an estimated 3.9 million more women under the age of 60 die in low- and middle-income countries. The productivity of women who survive is compromised by multiple factors, including inadequate access to water and sanitation facilities. Hours spent fetching water each day leave less time to pursue economic activities and reinforces employment segregation, limiting women to the lowest paying and most unstable jobs. The sustainable solution, therefore, is not to tackle the disadvantages faced by women and girls, but to render those disadvantages irrelevant by improving institutional quality. For example, if schools are equipped with safe, private sanitation facilities, girls are more likely to stay in school.
This year, the World Bank/Water and Sanitation Program’s calendar depicts water and sanitation challenges from a gender perspective to call attention to some of the social norms that result from, and reinforce poor service quality.
Congratulations to the winners of our first cartoon contest, whose ideas were adapted for this year’s calendar. And a special thank you to the talented artists from around the world who helped us craft these very critical and important messages with creativity and passion, while staying true to the calendar’s tradition of raising awareness through humor.
Less than 20% of seats in national parliaments are held by women.
A study in 44 developing countries found that women carry water more often than men by a ratio of nearly two to one.
|Giving power to women at the local level through political representation has led to increased provision of public goods, especially in water supply and sanitation.|
|In Nepal, reducing the time it takes to fetch water by just one hour could increase girls’ school enrollment by over 30%.|
|Research shows that when women participate in household and community decisions, the water supply and sanitation projects perform better.|
|Women are responsible for 60 to 80% of all housework and childcare.|
During the summer months, women in Haryana, India fetch up to 23 vessels of water per day.
|Globally, women account for 50% of informal employment and 58% of unpaid employment.|
|In rural Pakistan, more than 50% of girls leave school before the fourth grade due to a lack of sanitation facilities.|
|Poor sanitation and hygiene contributes to chronic illness, poor nutrition, extra time spent care giving, and missed days at school or work. In India, the economic costs of poor sanitation and hygiene amount to US$53.8 billion annually (2006 prices).|
|In Africa, an estimated 40 billion working hours per year are spent carrying water. In rural Kenya, each household may make up to seven trips a day—usually by women or girls.|
Providing full household coverage with water and sanitation infrastructure could lead to a total reduction in child mortality by 2.2 million child deaths per year in the developing world.
Vladimir Kadyrbaev is a well-known cartoonist from Kazakhstan. Trained as a physicist, he began his career as a schoolteacher, later being drawn more exclusively to creative arts. Since 1985, his cartoons have been published daily in many newspapers in Kazakhstan and Russia. He also produced an animated cartoon movie in 2006. He has won multiple prizes at international cartoon exhibitions in Belgium, Canada, Italy, Poland, Turkey, and more.
Jesus Felix-Diaz a young Peruvian illustrator studied Arts at University Catolica of Peru. Jesus has published many covers and illustrations for famous Peruvian magazines such as Poder, Dedo Medio, and Moda. His best artworks can be found in the blog www.poloverde.blogspot.com
Sudhir Dar is one of India’s most eminent cartoonists and lives in New Delhi. He has delighted millions of readers for almost four decades with a pocket cartoon called ‘This is it!’. Dar is a winner of several national and international awards and has featured in The New York Times, The Washington Post and several other prestigious publications worldwide. MAD magazine called him a ‘Tasty Indian Nut’.
James Kamawir a.k.a Kham has been drawing ever since he can remember. While caricatures of his school teachers repeatedly landed him in trouble, this budding talent later earned him the position of Editorial Cartoonist at Kenya Times Media Trust in 1989. His excellence as an artist has also seen him honored; in 2003, Kham was awarded the Kenya Union of Journalists’ Cartoonist of the Year. In 2008, he was named the KEMEP Cartoonist of the Year.
Kham’s work has featured in exhibitions at the Alliance Francaise, Goethe Institute, British Cultural Centre, and Japan Information and Cultural Centre in Nairobi, Kenya among others in Tanzania, Finland, Italy and Germany. He has also contributed cartoons to the Detroit Free Press and The San Francisco Chronicle (1992) and produced publications such as Bongoman in the Gulf, Kham in Khamland, Macho Yamji, The Ozone Story (UNEP) and The Border Book I & II (PATH).Kham’s training is in animation and 3D animation (School of Electronic Art, San Fransisco and Shang Tao Media Arts College, Nairobi).
Frank Odoilives lives in Kenya and his career spans three decades. Currently, his work is being published simultaneously in Kenya, Ghana, Uganda and the United Kingdom. His work has gained international recognition and his comic books Golgoti and Akokhan have been published as albums in Finland and Sweden. (Like 1995). Odoi has also been featured in several exhibitions in Lagos, Sao Paolo, Algiers and the Nordic countries. He has also worked as a resource person in several workshops for promoting comics on development in Africa.
Frank Odoi was Cartoonist of the Year in 1985, 1986, 2004 and Best strip Cartoonist in 2008 in Kenya. He was also awarded Cartoonist of the Year 2005 in Ghana ."
Wisnoe Lee is a Jakarta-based artist whose cartoon characters and illustrations appear in a gamut of ads from sleek cars to mobile phone service providers. While Wisnoe has created a number of different comic strips, his pet project is an online series, Gibug, which features a corrupt official who has lost everything and is given a second chance--living a simple life as a whimsical bajaj (tricycle) driver roaming around the notorious streets of Jakarta with his cat, Oncom.
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